What is Front-End Development and Back-End Development

If you’ve just started learning web development, you’ll find a wide variety of requirements like Languages, frameworks, but two aspects of web development will be common for all jobs-Frontend and Backend. You’ll have heard a lot of talk about frontend and backend programming.

It can be a little different between the front-end and back-end isn’t always clear. Both Terms are often used to describe aspects of the web industry, the front-end is also referred to as the client-side and the back-end of the web industry is often called the server-side. We can say that they’re two sides of the same coin and they both play very important roles in web development.

The main reason for this article is to explain properly frontend vs. backend web development.

Front-End developers vs. Back-End Developers

  • Front-End Developers: They build how a website looks
  • Back-End Developers: They build how a website works

That means if you wanted to build a website for your business the frontend developer would create the website like images, style, and presentation while the backend developer may work on the database, data and application integration, API and other back-end processes, security, and site performance issues.

What is the Front-End Development?

The Front-End development is also called as “client-side”. The Front-End of the website includes everything that you see on your browsers like user experiences, text and colors, images, and navigation, etc.

Front-End web development uses different types of programming languages and it is converting data to a graphical interface, through the use of different programming languages like HTML, CSS, and JavaScript, so users can view and interact with that data. The Front-end developers work on the appearance and user-interface of the website using different design tools like Photoshop, Sketch or Figma.

What is Back-End Development?

The Back-End development is also called as “server-side”. They are working on the site works, updates, and changes. The user can’t see in the browser, like databases and servers on which they are working.

They are working programming languages like RUBY, PHP, Python, and Node.js. The Back-end developers not only need to understand programming languages and databases, but they need to have an understanding of server architecture.


Hopefully, you have got a difference between Front-End web development and Back-End web development. It will help you in the future for web development.